What does it mean when you have white gums?

White gums often suggest that something is amiss with a person’s oral health. Several conditions can cause white gums, from simple canker sores to long-term inflammatory illnesses. In rare cases, white gums can indicate oral cancer, so it is essential to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis. The following conditions and situations can lead to white gums:

  • anaemia;
  • canker sores;
  • gingivitis;
  • oral thrush;
  • tooth extraction;
  • teeth whitening; and,
  • oral cancer.

Symptoms that may occur alongside white gums vary depending on the underlying cause. Sometimes, a person may have no other symptoms. In other cases, white gums can be accompanied by:

  • pain;
  • swelling;
  • bleeding;
  • sores and lesions;
  • loose teeth;
  • redness;
  • fatigue, dizziness, or weakness;
  • headaches; or,
  • cold hands and feet.


Keeping track of any additional symptoms can help a doctor or dentist diagnose the underlying cause. White gums are treated according to their underlying cause. Some treatments include:

  • dietary changes;
  • managing any chronic health conditions;
  • medication for pain relief;
  • salt-water rinses; and,
  • avoiding smoking or chewing tobacco.

Home remedies

Several home remedies can alleviate the symptoms associated with white gums, although they may not necessarily treat the underlying cause:

  • brushing teeth twice daily;
  • flossing once a day;
  • using an alcohol-free mouth rinse at least once a day;
  • seeing a dentist at least twice yearly;
  • cleaning the tongue with a scraper to remove bacteria and food particles;
  • rinsing the mouth with salt-water;
  • using a soft or medium toothbrush;
  • eating a balanced diet;
  • reducing sugar and alcohol consumption; and,
  • quitting tobacco products.


From: www.medicalnewstoday.com